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Grade 1 Literacy

Most students begin Grade 1 with pre-reading skills or basic reading skills. Literacy consists of direct instruction in the areas of writing, and spelling as well as a prescriptive approach to reading with other strategies and methods used daily to accommodate the learning differences of each student.  Because of the varying levels of ability in the classroom, materials are chosen that are multi-level and can be tailored to the specific needs of the student.  Daily ability-based reading groups allow each child’s specific needs to be addressed with both direct instruction as well as independent work.  When taught in this manner, the teacher has the opportunity to examine each child’s strengths and weaknesses, and identify appropriate strategies and accommodations. Structures and accommodations are provided to give students support with the reading and writing process, and the spelling program is based on a progression of phonetic rules. Whole group and small group discussions and activities take place, with individualization provided during independent work and assessments.

The Student Will

  • Use, adapt or change oral language to fit the situation
  • Identify and manipulate units of sounds within words
  • Apply knowledge of how print is organized and read
  • Use semantic clues and syntax to expand vocabulary when reading
  • Increased phonemic awareness through spelling strategies and decoding of words
  • Expand verbal and written vocabulary
  • Basic comprehension of fictional and nonfictional text
  • Write to communicate ideas for a variety of purposes
  • Use available technology for reading and writing

Instructional Strategies

  • Whole group, small group and individualized instruction
  • Exposure to a variety of genres, comprehension strategies and decoding skills.
  • Fluency activities/drills
  • Games and activities
  • Spelling menu activities
  • Concept/Story mapping
  • Graphic organizers
  • Computer assisted instruction
  • Group and independent activities utilizing technology (i.e. IPads, Smartboard)
  • Formative and summative assessments
  • Guided reading/writing


  • Index card for tracking
  • Graphic organizers
  • Multi-sensory activities
  • Guided practice
  • Shortened spelling lists
  • Read alouds